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Land & Water Conservation Division

As we all are navigating the challenges presented by COVID-19, and to protect the health of County employees, the public and residents, Washington County has moved to a "virtual campus." The staff in the Land & Water Conservation Division will continue to conduct business remotely. We are requesting that you first contact us for service through telephone or email.

Please contact any one of the following staff members for assistance regarding questions, issues or projects.

Paul Sebo

Stephanie Egner

Paul Backhaus

Tanner Schmidt

The Land & Water Conservation Division provides local leadership, education and technical expertise to improve the quality of life in Washington County by working closely with farmers, landowners, government officials, teachers, youth group leaders, community businesses, civic organizations and concerned residents to improve and conserve our soil and water resources.


  • Implement local and state laws as a well governed and administered county.
  • Provide exceptional customer service through technical and professional expertise.
  • Guide agricultural businesses to ensure sustainable and economically viable farmland.
  • Provide education and administer programs that help accomplish the proper management of our natural resources (lakes, rivers, groundwater, wetlands, floodplains and land resources) for an improved quality of life.
  • Engage the public through conservation programs that provide for the stewardship of our natural resources.

Under the policy and direction of the Land Use and Planning Committee (aka LCC), LWCD staff provide services to the the public as outlined and identified in their Land & Water Resource Management Plan.

Less than 2% of the Earths surface has the topsoil and growing conditions necessary to grow food - that is, all the food needed to sustain the ever-growing population of the planet!

We all know we need "topsoil" to grow our lawns and gardens, but too few of us have an appreciation for its true value as a natural resource. It takes over 100 years and lots of weathering and natural "additives" to produce one inch of topsoil. Yet, this much can be washed away in a single rain storm if not protected from erosion. When this happens, the soil pollutes our streams and clogs drainage systems...costing taxpayers millions of dollars each year in dredging and other damage repair work.

In Washington County, the average depth of topsoil is only 6-12 inches. For the sake of future generations, land management practices should ensure that the soil is not being blown or washed away faster than nature can replenish it.

We all want our lakes and streams to be clean. When they are not, we expect "someone" to do something about it. But that someone is you!

Most water pollution today comes from our lawns, streets, parking lots, construction sites and farmland. It is called runoff or "nonpoint" pollution. Runoff is rain or melting snow that does not soak into the ground, but instead "runs off" the land...with the help of paved surfaces and roofs, storm sewers, ditches and other man-made drainage systems. Along the way this runoff water picks up all kinds of pollution from the urban and rural landscape such as: litter, motor oil, road salt, eroded soil, fertilizer, pet or livestock wastes and pesticides, then carries it to the nearest lake, stream or wetland. Runoff pollution can make our water unsafe for swimming and degrade conditions for fishing...often, so gradually it goes unnoticed.

What We Do...

To stop runoff pollution we must all help by making changes in the way we do everyday step at a time.

The Washington County Land and Water Conservation Division (LWCD) relies on partnerships with local farmers, landowners, government officials, teachers and youth group leaders, community businesses, civic organizations and concerned residents.

Technical Assistance...

LWCD technical staff are experts on controlling soil erosion and water pollution. It is our job to find solutions to land and water resource problems.

Through a variety of local programs, technical staff will:

  • Conduct resource inventories, including soils, drainage, topography, water resources, land use and vegetation through on-site visits or map interpretations.
  • Develop resource management recommendations and plans.
  • Complete engineering and design activities for construction projects, including site surveys, soil profile analysis, runoff and flow calculations and the preparation of construction drawings.
  • Supervise the construction of conservation practices such as grass waterways, retention ponds, terraces and livestock waste management systems.
  • Administer local regulations aimed to prevent water pollution from construction site erosion, urban stormwater runoff and manure storage facilities.

Funding Opportunities...

Some conservation practices can be costly. Since clean water and sustained soil productivity benefit everyone, public financial assistance is often available. LWCD staff will help determine what programs you may be eligible for and can assist in obtaining available funds.

Funding opportunities for conservation work include:

  • Cost sharing the installation of a wide variety of conservation practices.
  • Tax credits or other program benefits for meeting certain conservation criteria.
  • Incentive payments to stop farming environmentally sensitive lands such as stream corridors or highly erodible slopes.

Information and Education...

The LWCD conducts a wide variety of information and education programs aimed at urban and rural audiences of all ages. With a theme of "Clean Ways for Waterways" the objective is to raise awareness and encourage citizens to take action to preserve our soil and water resources.

Summary of Land Conservation Services...

Under the policy direction of the Land Use and Planning Committee, the LWCD carries out its land and water conservation mission by offering five major categories of services, as described below:

A. Technical and Engineering Assistance: Provide local landowners, managers and units of government technical assistance to find solutions to land and water resource management problems. This includes activities such as: resource inventories, site surveys, soil profile analysis, hydrologic calculations, and the planning, design and installation of soil and water conservation practices. The LWCD also contracts for technical assistance related to wildlife damage to agricultural crops.

B. Conservation Education: Conduct a wide variety of conservation education programs in partnership with other agencies and organizations. Target audiences range from urban to rural residents of all ages. The message is always to encourage individual action to reduce water pollution and to protect our soil and other natural resources.

C. Automation/GIS Services: Emphasize efficiency and quality in all LWCD services by integrating computer technology into daily activities where appropriate. Computer enhanced activities and services currently include: surveying, drafting, conservation planning, designing/engineering, mapping, aerial photography, educational mailings, tree sales, program tracking, word processing, publication development and the maintenance of county-wide natural resource inventory data. Also, offer resource data and planning information to our clients in a digital format whenever practical.

D. Financial Assistance: Determine what financial assistance may be available to local landowners, managers and organizations to help offset the costs of conservation work and assist them in obtaining those funds. Financial assistance can be in the form of tax credits, cost sharing, conservation easements or other incentive payments. The LWCD administers several state financial assistance programs (Priority Watersheds, NR-243, etc.) and assists with several federal programs (EQIP, CRP, etc.).

E. Regulatory Activities: Administer local ordinances and program compliance requirements with a common sense approach. This currently includes County Code provisions for participation in the Farmland Preservation Program (Chapter 15), the construction of new manure storage facilities or abandonment of old (Chapter 16), erosion control and stormwater management for new developments/construction sites in unincorporated areas (Chapter 17) and nonmetallic mining reclamation (Chapter 18). Also includes helping landowners meet the conservation requirements for participation in a variety of state and federal programs.

Office Info...

Location: 333 E. Washington Street, Suite 2300 in West Bend, WI
Business Hours: 8:00am - 4:30pm Monday thru Friday
Phone: (262) 335-4800

On October 28, 2014, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) formally notified Washington County on their determination that the county owns or operates a municipal separate storm sewer system that requires coverage under a WPDES permit. This notice required the county to submit a Notice of Intent which was submitted January 23, 2015. On March 6, 2015 Washington County was issued a WPDES MS4 Permit requiring the county to implement a storm water management program and control measures to improve urban water quality. Thus the March 6, 2015 date is recognized as the start date for the compliance schedule discussed later.

The MS4 permit requires the county develop a Storm Water Management Program that includes information and education of the public, involvement and participation of the public, illicit discharge detection and elimination, creation and enforcement of local ordinances to regulate erosion control and long-term storm water management, and implementation of pollution prevention at municipally-owned facilities.
AIS Monthly Newsletter signup

Monthly 2017 E-Newsletters
Monthly 2018 E-Newsletters

PRESS RELEASES - Draining Livewells CAN Stop Invasive Species (pdf)
Landing Blitz (pdf)

September 2016-Bark River Survey Video


Want A Fun Way to Enjoy the Summer Together.


-Learn how to protect our waters from Aquatic Invasive Species
-Discover how to identify different plants and animals
-Give prizes to boaters and anglers
-Choose your own hours to volunteer!
-Most of all, help preserve Washington County's waters!

Contact: Samantha Lammers-Washington County AIS Coordinator at or 262.335.4806

YouTube - Protect our waters from aquatic hitchhikers!

An Ecological Threat:

Purple Loosestrife prefers moist soils and shallow waters where it competes with native wetland plants. It will adjust to varying light conditions and water levels. It has been widely planted as an ornamental where it escapes to nearby water ways. This species can spread rapidly and destroy ecosystems that are important for other plants and animals as well!

There Is a Solution:
-The Galerucella beetle is a biological control that eats Purple Loosestrife.
-Grow these beetles and release them to stop the spread of Purple Loosestrife.
-Receive equipments and instructions FREE from the County's AIS Coordinator.
-This is a great family activity that helps preserve the wetlands in Washington County.

Aquatic Invasive Species

Terrestrial Invasive Species

Stretegic Plan

Monitoring and reporting locations of invasive species is vital to preventing the spread of aquatic invaders.

Instructions and contact information for reporting invasive species.
AIS - Identification and Response Guide (pdf)

Use this form when you encounter suspicious plants and/or animals.
AIS - Identification and Response Report Form (pdf)

AIS Coordinator Joins Forces with Waukesha County

The Milwaukee River is plagued with water quality degradation caused in part by elevated levels of phosphorous, bacteria, and sediment-laden runoff. Cedar Creek and its tributaries pass through the Village of Jackson in Washington County into the Villages of Cedarburg and Grafton in Ozaukee County.

The land use in the Cedar Creek Watershed is approximately 55% agriculture, 16% urban, 16% wetlands/water, and 13% grassland and forests. WI DNR placed all 28 miles of Cedar Creek on Wisconsin's 303(d) Impaired Waters List, designating this stream as not meeting water quality standards.  Agricultural runoff has been identified as one of the major contributors to water quality degradation in the Cedar Creek Watershed.

Cedar Creek Farmers - Improving Land for Cleaner Waters, intends to improve the quality of soil and water in the Cedar Creek watershed by: 1) providing education and outreach to area producers about the principles of soil health, soil improvement practices and water quality improvement conservation practices; 2) recruiting producers to apply for and install low-cost conservation BMPs to improve soil and water quality as part of the Cedar Creek Farmers (CCF) incentive program; and 3) improving the image of agriculture by showcasing various locally implemented conservation practices to the non-farming community.



Who We Are 2020 Funding Opportunities 2020 Agreement Collaboration

Due to the Coronavirus - the 2020 Clean Sweep Program is now closed until further notice. Please check back when this current health emergency has passed. Thank You.

NOTICE: For the safety of its employees and our local residents, Veolia has closed its doors to the public until further notice for hazardous waste drop off. Washington County will be in contact with those who have recently registered; reissuing a new receipt for use when things are back up and running. Contact Fay @ 262.335.4800 with additional questions.

2020 HHW Registration is currently closed.
There will not be a County sponsored collection of TVs, electronics, appliances or tires in 2020.


Last year brought significant changes to the Washington County Clean Sweep Program. Beginning in March 2019,
the Hazardous Waste Collection started taking place at Veolia Environmental Services - W124N9451 Boundary Road, Menomonee Falls, WI  53051

Washington County residents have the opportunity to take their hazardous waste to Veolia two times a week; Mondays and Wednesdays - 11am-6pm. Registration and $20 fee is required per visit. (Keep Washington County's surface and groundwater clean by participating in this collection. Transport your chemicals safely-learn more from the National Pesticide Information Center website.)

Location Map

Site Drop Off Map

REGISTER ONLINE at or submit the registration form (pdf) to the Land Conservation Office.

Pre-registration (pdf) and cost of disposal required.


Drug Take Back Day (County Health Dept.)
Drop Box Locations

Clean Water STARTS in Your Backyard

Water pollution has many sources.  Up to half of all pollutants come not from factories or wastewater treatment plants, but from many diffuse sources resulting from our own everyday activities. What we do in our own backyards and our own communities can make all the difference to the quality of our lakes and streams.

SPARKLES the Water Spaniel Blog - Respect Our Waters

What Is Stormwater Pollution?  Where Does It Go?  What Can I Do? 
Kids Corner  MS4 Links & Information  

The LWCD conducts a wide variety of information and education programs aimed at urban and rural audiences of all ages. With a theme of "Clean Water One Step At A Time" the objective is to raise awareness and encourage citizens to take action to preserve our soil and water resources.

Educators and Youth Leaders come and discover what the Land and Water Conservation Division has to offer! Our office consists of an extensive selection of: curriculum guides, videos, posters, monitoring equipment, reference materials, slide presentations, teaching games and demonstration kits. The library is open from 8:00 - 4:30 Monday thru Friday and materials are loaned out free of charge.

LWCD Library Inventory (pdf)
Aldo Leopold Kit (pdf)
Wetland Trunk (pdf)
Storm Drain Stenciling Kit (pdf)

Washington County's K-12th grade students were invited to participate in the Conservation Poster Contest. The 2020 theme was "Where would we BEE without Pollinators?"All posters were due to the Land & Water Conservation Division in West Bend on or before Friday, December 20, 2019. Awards were given to the 1st, 2nd and 3rd place poster winner from each category. The 1st place winners were automatically entered into the next level of competition (Area) and from there possibly advancing to State and Nationals!


Informational Letter

Contest Guidelines (pdf)
Washington County Entry Form (pdf)

Classroom presentations may be given by staff before the contest or after (with awards) upon request.


(entering grades 6-8)
June 17-19, 2020
Crivitz, WI

What to Bring (pdf)
2020 SLCC Brochure
2020 Registration Packet (pdf)
2020 Tentative Schedule (pdf)

2020 Scholarship Essay Form (docx)

(entering grades 9-12)  
June 22-25, 2020
Manitowish Waters, WI

See our 2014 county winners below with a soils theme!
Please remember...all entries must begin at the local (county) level.



1st - Grades 10-12  Nicholas Askin, WB West

1st - Grades 2-3  Molly Christianson, Plat Elem. 

1st - Grades 7-9  Abby Gastrau, Richfield School

1st - Grades 4-6  Ben McMeeken, Allenton Elem.

1st - Grades K-1  Asamina Villalobos, Plat Elem.

2nd - Grades 7-9  Jack Brandt, Richfield School

2nd - Grades 2-3  Kate Butschlick, Holy Trinity

2nd - Grades K-1  Victoria Jasiorkowski, Plat Elem.

2nd - Grades 10-12  Katherine Nehmer, WB West

2nd - Grades 4-6  Casey Piel, Allenton Elem.

3rd - Grades K-1  Ava Grutza, Plat Elem.

3rd - Grades 7-9  Grace Miske, Living Word LHS

3rd - Grades 10-12  Kathrin Rueggeberg, Living Word LHS

3rd - Grades 2-3  Emma Supercynski, Richfield School

3rd - Grades 4-6  Haleigh Yesko, Richfield School

Wisconsin Association For Environmental Education (WAEE)

WAEE is your direct connection to Environmental Education (EE) in Wisconsin. Join teachers, naturalists, youth leaders, natural resource professionals and others dedicated to learning more and educating all persons about the natural and built environment. WAEE is a non-profit organization that sponsors conferences, workshops, and gatherings to promote professional growth and networking opportunities. Our organization also supports the work of its members through statewide initiatives, professional resources and recognition.

Have a 590 Nutrient Management Plan or interested to hear what is new! You're invited to the Washington/Ozaukee Farmer Update Meeting - Wed. January 22, 2020 at The Columbian in West Bend. RSVP by Monday, January 20.

What do you need to know?? Kind of a loaded question, however Land Conservation wanted to share some of the "should knows" and how to find out more information when you need it.

Links that get you there:

What Farmers Need To Know (pdf)
(NR 151) Department of Natural Resources
(ATCP 50) Department of Ag, Trade and Consumer Protection
(Nutrient Mgt) Department of Ag, Trade and Consumer Protection
(Snap Plus 19.2) Nutrient Management Planning Software
(Conservation Planning) Natural Resources Conservation Service
(Chapter 16) County Animal Waste Storage Facility Ordinance 

Interactive Mapping Site

The rolling hills and lakes of Washington County were created thousands of years ago when two glaciers collided forming the Kettle Moraine Area, depositing sand, gravel, and clay over ancient bedrock. These deposits range in thickness from five feet to well over 600 feet! These deposits created a new groundwater aquifer (sand and gravel aquifer) that now supplies drinking water to thousands of people in Washington County.

While many residents of Washington County get their drinking water from municipal wells, over 10,000 homes have private wells. Many of these private wells are only tested for contaminants once when required to when the well is first constructed. After that it is up to the individual homeowner to test their own well.

A tool has been set up to inform well owners of the state of groundwater in Washington County and what they can do to ensure they have safe drinking water.

Click the link to use this awesome interactive mapping site!

January 2018 - Price Brochure (pdf)

Available From UW-Stevens Point...
The Homeowners Package (pdf)
Interpreting Drinking Water Quality Results (pdf)

Important Information:
Determine The Location Of Your Well (pdf)

Physicians for Social Responsibility
Drinking Water Fact Sheets

Arsenic (pdf)
Cancer (pdf)
Cryptosporidium (pdf)
Disinfection Byproducts (pdf)
E. coli (pdf)
Elderly (pdf)
Lead (pdf)
Maternal and Child Health (pdf)
Nitrate (pdf)
Pesticides (pdf)
Radon (pdf)

Changes were made to conservation programs in the new Farm Bill enacted on February 7, 2014. These programs are administered by USDA's Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Help protect our rivers, lakes and streams!
Washington County's BUFFER INITIATIVE

Working Lands Initiative

The Wisconsin Working Lands Initiative was included as part of the 2009 – 2011 state budget signed into law by Governor Doyle on June 29, 2009. Three main components of the program include updates to the state’s current Farmland Preservation Program, the ability for farmers and local governments to establish voluntary Agricultural Enterprise Areas, and a state program to help with the purchase of Agricultural Conservation Easements.

For more information regarding the Working Lands Initiative & Credits visit Department of Agriculture, Trade & Consumer Protection

Farmland Preservation Program

This state-mandated, cross-compliance rule was originally adopted by the County Board on August 12, 1986. It requires all landowners receiving a tax credit through this program to maintain cropland soil erosion rates at tolerable levels (as defined by NRCS technical standards). LWCD staff must screen all participants within one year after they receive their first tax credit and develop a conservation plan for all lands. Installation of the planned conservation practices may be scheduled over several years, but annual progress is required. The LWCD is also required to spot check 20% of the program participants each year. More program specifics can be found in the Code book.

Animal Waste Rule - NR 243

This is a DNR regulatory rule that has historically operated on a complaint basis. DNR must investigate complaints and determine if an operation is causing a significant water quality problem. If so, the DNR issues a Notice of Discharge to the landowner, which requires them to adopt animal waste runoff control practices. The owner is directed to the LWCD to obtain technical assistance. The LWCD recommends what practice(s) are needed to solve the problem and will design and supervise the installation of those practices at the request of the landowner. Cost sharing was historically offered through the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (DATCP). Changes in the administrative rules will require DNR to actively seek out problem sites versus relying on complaints. DNR will also provide the cost-sharing funds.

Wildlife Damage and Abatement

Since 1991, the LWCD along with 15 other counties has contracted with the USDA- APHIS Horicon office to provide assistance to landowner contending with wild animal pressures. Although abatement measures are emphasized, crop damage (mainly from geese and deer) is also reimbursed. There is a nominal deductible and an annual claim limit of $15,000.00 per landowner. The program is currently supported by a $1.00 fee on all hunting licenses, a $12.00 charge for deer bonus tags, and general revenues from the federal government.

Deer Donation Program (pdf)

Conservation Reserve Program

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) reduces soil erosion, protects the Nation's ability to produce food and fiber, reduces sedimentation in streams and lakes, improves water quality, establishes wildlife habitat, and enhances forest and wetland resources. It encourages farmers to convert highly erodible cropland or other environmentally sensitive acreage to vegetative cover, such as tame or native grasses, wildlife plantings, trees, filter strips, or riparian buffers. Farmers receive an annual rental payment for the term of the multi-year contract. Cost sharing is provided to establish the vegetative cover practices.

Environmental Quality Incentives Program

Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) works primarily in locally identified priority areas where there are significant natural resource concerns, such as soil erosion, water quality and quantity, wildlife habitat, wetlands, and forest and grazing lands. Priority is given to areas where State or local governments offer financial, technical, or educational assistance, and to areas where agricultural improvements will help meet water quality objectives. Activities must be carried out according to a conservation plan. Priority area proposals are submitted to the NRCS State Conservationist, who selects those areas within the State based on recommendations from the State Technical Committee.

EQIP is one of several Federal, State, and local conservation programs that farmers and ranchers can use to solve their natural resource concerns. EQIP offers financial, educational, and technical help to install or implement structural, vegetative, and management practices called for in 5 to 10 year contracts. These practices which include manure management systems, pest management, and erosion control-help improve and maintain the health of natural resources. Cost sharing may pay up to 75% of the costs of certain conservation practices. Nationally, half of the funding for EQIP is targeted to livestock-related natural resource concerns and the remainder to other significant conservation priorities.

Farm & Ranch Lands Protection Program
(now under Agricultural Conservation Easement Program)

The Farm & Ranch Lands Protection Program provides funds to State, tribal, or local government entities to help purchase development rights to keep productive farmland in agricultural use. Working through their existing programs, USDA joins with State, tribal, or local governments to acquire conservation easements or other interests from landowners. USDA provides up to 50% of the costs of purchasing the easements. To qualify, farmland must: be part of a pending offer from a State, tribe, or local farmland protection program; be privately owned; have a conservation plan; be large enough to sustain agricultural production; be accessible to markets for what the land produces; have adequate infrastructure and agricultural support services; and have surrounding parcels of land that can support long-term agricultural production.

Healthy Forest Reserve Program

The Healthy Forest Reserve Program takes a multiple-resource approach to managing nonindustrial private forest lands by bringing the expertise of State-employed foresters, biologists and private consultants to private landowners to help them prepare natural resource management plans. These plans encourage landowners to become active in planning and managing their forests, greatly increasing the likelihood that the forests will remain productive and healthy, and that social, economic and environmental benefits of these lands will be better realized.

Wetlands Reserve Program (now under Agricultural Conservation Easement Program)

The Wetlands Reserve Program is a voluntary program to restore wetlands. Participating landowners can establish conservation easements of either permanent or 30-year duration or can enter into restoration cost-share agreements where no easement is involved. In exchange for establishing a permanent easement, the landowner receives payment up to the agricultural value of the land and 100% of the restoration costs for restoring the wetland. The 30-year easement payment is 75% of what would be provided for a permanent easement on the same site and 75% of the restoration cost. The voluntary agreements are for a minimum 10-year duration and provide for 75% of the cost of restoring the involved wetlands. Easements set limits on how the lands may be used in the future. Restoration cost-share agreements establish wetland protection and restoration as the primary land use for the duration of the agreement. In all instances, landowners continue to control access to their land.

Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (now under EQIP)

The Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program provides financial incentives to develop habitat for fish and wildlife on private lands. Participants agree to implement a wildlife habitat development plan, and USDA agrees to provide cost-share assistance for the initial implementation of wildlife habitat development practices. USDA and program participants enter into 5 to 10 year cost-share agreements for wildlife habitat development.

Conservation News

A biannual e-newsletter for Washington County residents. Viewpoints of authors do not necessarily reflect those of the Land Use and Planning or the Washington County Board of Supervisors. The Land Use and Planning Committee and the Land and Water Conservation Division staff encourage responses from the public.

Warning: These are very large documents and may take quite some time to download. It will be best to save it to your local machine!

1) Right click on the icon
2) Select "Save Target As..."
3) Place on your hard drive
4) Open from your computer


2017 Spring/Summer (pdf)

2016 Spring/Summer (pdf)
2016 Fall/Winter-e newsletter (pdf)

2015 Spring/Summer (pdf)
2015 Fall/Winter-e newsletter (pdf)

2014 Spring/Summer (pdf)
2014 Fall/Winter (pdf)

2013 Spring/Summer (pdf)
2013 Fall/Winter (pdf)

2012 Spring/Summer (pdf)
2012 Fall/Winter (pdf)

2011 Spring/Summer (pdf)
2011 Fall/Winter (pdf)

2010 Spring/Summer (pdf)
2010 Fall/Winter (pdf)

2009 Spring (pdf)
2009 Summer (pdf)
2009 Fall  (pdf)
2009 Winter (pdf)

2008 Spring (pdf)
2008 Summer (pdf)
2008 Fall (pdf)
2008 Winter (pdf)

2007 Spring (pdf)
2007 Summer (pdf)
2007 Fall (pdf)
2007 Winter (pdf)

2006 Spring/Summer (pdf)
2006 December #1 (pdf)

2005 Spring/Summer #24 (pdf)
2005 Fall/Winter #25 (pdf)

2004 Spring/Summer #22 (pdf)
2004 Fall/Winter #23 (pdf)

2003 Spring/Summer #21 (pdf)

2002 Spring #18 (pdf)
2002 Summer #19 (pdf)
2002 Fall/Winter #20 (pdf)

2001 Winter #14 (pdf)
2001 Spring #15 (pdf)
2001 Summer #16 (pdf)
2001 Fall #17 (pdf)

2000 Winter #12 (pdf)
2000 Summer #13 (pdf)

1999 Winter #7 (pdf)
1999 Special Edition #8 (pdf)
1999 Spring #9 (pdf)
1999 Summer #10 (pdf)
1999 Fall #11 (pdf)

1998 Spring #4 (pdf)
1998 Summer #5 (pdf)
1998 Fall #6 (pdf)

1997 March #1 (pdf)
1997 July #2 (pdf)
1997 Winter #3 (pdf)

1995 June #24 (pdf)

1993 October #23 (pdf)

Have a 590 Nutrient Management Plan or interested to hear what is new? You're invited to the Washington/Ozaukee Farmer Update Meeting- Wed. January 22, 2020 at The Columbian in West Bend. RSVP by Mon. January 20th.


A2809-Nutrient Application Guidelines for Field, Vegetable, and Fruit Crops in Wisconsin (2016)


There are two separate environmental risks, groundwater and surface water, associated with application of nutrients. The Land & Water Conservation Division maintains a GIS layer that identifies areas that have a high risk of negative envirnomental impacts if nutrients, either organic or commercial, are applied to the soil at critical times of the year or through inappropriate application methods.

The USDA-Natural Resource Conservation Service 590 Nutrient Management Code was used as a guide for the development of this layer, which consists of the following components:

1) SOILS - < 20" to bedrock, < 12" to apparent water table, high permeability rates, steep slope of 12% or greater and planning units of >9% identified by the Land Conservation Office.

2) SURFACE WATER - areas within 300' of navigable waters (rivers and streams) and areas within 1000' of naviable waters (lakes, ponds or flowage).

As fields are walked, concentrated flow channels are identified.

Application Risk Area Maps (County GIS)
Washington County's publicly accessible interactive website now includes nutrient management. Zoom in with the + button to see runoff risk and groundwater risk areas. Parcel boundary and non agricultural areas will also be shown.
GIS Interactive Mapping
The Department of Agriculture has a nutrient management application site as well.
DATCP Interactive Mapping

Runoff Risk Map Website (Dept. of Ag)

The Runoff Risk Advisory Forecast map shows day-to-day risk of runoff occurring across Wisconsin using National Weather Service forecaset methods that consider precipitation, soil moisture and individual basin characteristics.

Manure spreading decisions should be made with consideration of this tool to avoid unneccesary pollution of nearby surface water and groundwater and loss of valuable nutrients for your crops.

2021-2030 Land & Water Resource Management Plan
Cover & Index (docx)

Last Revision: May 18, 2020
Chapter 1-Introduction 
Chapter 2-Demographics & Land Use
Chapter 3-Resource Inventory & Assessment 
Chapter 4-Implementation Strategy Programs & Priorities 
Chapter 5-Information & Education Activities 
Chapter 6-Goals, Objectives & Activities (docx)
Chapter 7-Implementation Budget 
Chapter 8-Evaluation 

Appendix A-Public Input Survey (docx)
Appendix B-2020 Annual Work Plan (docx)
Appendix C-BMP Achievements: 2010-2019 (docx)
Appendix D-Prioritization Factors (docx)
Appendix E-EVAAL Maps (docx)

FEBRUARY 4, 2020
Meeting Powerpoint
Meeting Minutes (docx)

Full Land&Water Resource Management Plan
Resource Management Work Plan (2016-2020)

Quaas Creek Watershed Protection Plan

MS4 - Urban Stormwater Management Program

Paul Sebo, County Conservationist
As County Conservationist, Paul is responsible for managing daily operations for the Division's County programs to increase public awareness and promote a proactive approach for the protection of our natural resources. He implements and coordinates a variety of Federal, State and local programs related to soil conservation and water pollution control and participates in various advisory committees involved in the development of technical standards, rule making, program planning and policy issues.

Paul also oversees technical assistance provided to landowners and municipalities who install soil and water conservation practices for the purpose of improving water quality. He also administers the enforcement of three county ordinances which are; the Farmland Preservation Program Conservation Compliance, the Animal Waste Storage Ordinance and the Erosion Control and Stormwater Management Ordinance.

Paul holds a Bachelor of Science Degree with a Major in Public Management from the Colorado State University System and an Associate Degree in Natural Resources from Fox Valley Technical College. He has held a Project and Senior Technician position for Washington County since 1988 and has previous work experience in both Manitowoc and Kewaunee Counties.

Phone: 262.335.4805

Stephanie Egner, CCA, TSP, Conservation Technician
As Conservation Technician, Stephanie is responsible for agricultural conservation and nutrient management programs and planning...helping to preserve Washington County's soil resources and reduce non-point source pollution. Time is spent on a variety of youth informational and educational activities including, but not limited to: the conservation poster contest, 4th grade farm tour, classroom education, conservation camps and the WI Envirothon. Dealing with all components of conservation...she co-organizes the Annual Tree Program and Hazardous Waste Clean Sweeps.

Stephanie holds a Bachelor of Science Degree from the University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, where she double majored in Soil Science and Resource Management and minored in Natural Science. She has been employed with the Washington County Land and Water Conservation Division since January 2000.

Phone: 262.335.4804

Paul Backhaus, CCA, Conservation Technician
As Conservation Technician, Paul is responsible for engineering and implementing practices that reduce non-point pollution to waters of our county.  This is done primarily by working with landowners to implement engineering practices and the state's Agricultural Performance Standards.  Paul is responsible for enforcement of the county's Erosion Control and Stormwater Management Ordinance.  He also manages the water quality monitoring program for the county.

Paul received his Bachelor of Science Degree from the University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point, majoring in Watershed Management and minoring in Soil Science. He has been employed with the Land and Water Conservation Division since April 2006.

Phone: 262.335.4803

Tanner Schmidt, CST, Conservation Technician
As a Conservation Technician, Tanner is responsible for technical assistance in identifying resource concerns. Implementing conservation practices that reduce non-point source pollution to waters of our county. This is done by working with landowners to install conservation practices to the land. Practices such as riparian buffers, grassed waterways, and cover crops, etc. are used to protect soil and improve water quality.

Tanner received his Bachelor of Science Degree from UW-Stevens Point in 2019, majoring in Soil and Land Management and minoring in Water Resources. He has been employed with Land and Water Conservation Division since September 2019.

Phone: 262.365.5769

Samantha Lammers, Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS) Coordinator

Sam's primary duty is connecting volunteers, lake management districts, and lake associations with resources to both prevent the spread of AIS and manage current infestations. Education and outreach is a vital component of her position so that citizens are aware of the threats of AIS and learn how to prevent their spread. Outreach events include giving AIS presentations to youth groups and encouraging local businesses, such as aquariums and bait shops, not to release animals into the wild. She coordinates volunteer programs such as Clean Boats, Clean Waters which trains citizens on how to conduct boat inspections. This program helps prevent AIS from entering and leaving lakes. Sam serves as the central point of contact for anyone in Washington or Waukesha County who has questions regarding AIS.

Samantha has a Bachelor's Degree in Environmental Policy and Planning from UW-Green Bay, along with an Associate's Degree in Applied Science-Criminal Justice from Lakeshore Technical College. She has been employed with the LWCD since May 2020.

Phone: 262.335.4806

Mike Patin, USDA/NRCS District Conservationist

As USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) District Conservationist for Washington, Ozaukee and Sheboygan Counties, Mike serves as the NRCS representative to address resource concerns and communicates policies, directives, program objectives and priorities and goals to partner agencies and the public. A District Conservationist directs the preparation and implementation of resource management plans and long-term contracts to address resource concerns on private lands.

Phone: 262.346.2359

Fay Fitts, Administrative Secretary
As Administrative Secretary, Fay provides office administrative/management support for the division staff for the purposes of planning, developing and implementing land and water resource conservation programs. These programs are intended to enhance the environment, increase public sector awareness and provide technical resource informational/educational materials to the public.

Fay attended San Juan Basin Technical School, Cortez, Colorado for accounting and computer credits. She has been employed with the division since 1988.

Office Phone: 262.335.4800

Dear Landowners,

Since 1993, Washington County Land and Water Conservation has encouraged local planting of native woodland and prairie species through our native Tree & Prairie Seed Program. More than 1,000,000 trees have been purchased over the past 25+ years! The division orders bare root stock in large quantities, allowing us to receive a substantial discount off retail prices. We then package the trees for individual orders, passing the savings on to you.


2020 Full Brochure
2020 Trees Only Brochure (pdf)
2020 Specie List (pdf)
2020 Prairie Packages (pdf)

2020 Order Form Only (pdf)

Mail your order form along with payment, payable to:

Washington County
Land & Water Conservation
333 E. Washington St. Suite 2300
West Bend, WI  53095

NEW-Urban Tree Key (pdf)
Planting Instructions
Soil Classification

Interested in renting a no-till seed drill from the DNR (Pike Lake)?
Contact Angie Rusch at 414.303.0111

Also available from the DNR...Electric ATV Broadcast Seed Slinger for Native Prairie Grass and Forbs.

Black Cherry, Black Walnut, Hackberry, Kentucky Coffeetree, Linden/Basswood, Red Maple, Red Oak, River Birch, Shagbark Hickory, Sugar Maple, Swamp White Oak, Tamarack

Even more information!
Prairie Seed Packages
Bluebird, Bat & Butterfly Houses

From past tree sales:
Rain Barrel Brochure (pdf)
Rain Reserve Diverter Kit (pdf)
rain reserve video - how it works! (youtube)

Urban and Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution

Wisconsin's rules to control polluted runoff from farms, as well as other sources, went into effect October 1, 2002. The state Legislature passed the rules to help protect Wisconsin's lakes, streams and groundwater.

Department of Natural Resources (DNR) rule NR 151 sets performance standards and prohibitions for farms. It also sets urban performance standards to contol construction site erosion, manage runoff from streets and roads, and manage fertilizer use on large turf areas.

Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (DATCP) rule ATCP 50 identifies conservation practices that individuals must follow to meet performance standards.

For More Information on Runoff Management in WI Visit...
Wisconsin's Runoff Info Website