Nonmetallic Mining Reclamation (Chapter 18)
Glacial deposits of sand and gravel and lowland deposits of peat provide for a widespread and diverse nonmetallic mining industry in Washington County. More than a dozen mines in the county provide aggregate (sand, gravel, crushed stone etc.) for construction, road building and maintenance and agricultural uses. A smaller number of sites mine peat for horticulture and landscaping.
Long standing concerns over safety and land use issues related to abandoned mining sites were addressed in 1993 when the state legislature adopted Chapter 295 of the Wisconsin State Statutes. This statute required the Department of Natural Resources to establish rules to implement the nonmetallic mining reclamation program. The DNR completed those rules (Chapter NR 135, Wis. Administrative Code) in the fall of 2000 and revised the rule in the fall of 2006.
Chapter 18 Ordinance
In April 2007, the Washington County Board of Supervisors adopted revisions to County Code Chapter 18 (adopted June 19, 2001) to comply with the requirements of NR 135. It requires an operator to have an approved reclamation plan on file prior to operating a new mine.
The purpose of the reclamation plan is to achieve acceptable final site reclamation to an approved post-mining land use in compliance with the uniform reclamation standards. The uniform reclamation standards address environmental protection measures including topsoil salvage and storage, surface and groundwater protection, and contemporaneous reclamation to minimize the acreage exposed to wind and water erosion.
Chapter NR 135 also requires that mine operators submit annual fees, and an acceptable financial assurance to ensure completion of the reclamation plan.
In summary, reclamation of nonmetallic mines according to approved plans will achieve approved post-mining land uses. This results in environmental protection, stable non-eroding sites, productive end land uses and potential to enhance habitat and increase land values and tax revenues.
- Nonmetallic Mining Reclamation Ordinance (pdf)
- Nonmetallic Mining Summary (pdf)
- Fee Schedule (pdf)
- Operations Holding Permits - 2014 (pdf)
- 2017 Permit Form (Annual Operator Report) (pdf)
|Administration of Nonmetallic Mining Reclamation|
|Town of Wayne||Yes||Town|
|Town of Kewaskum||Yes||County|
|Town of Farmington||No||County|
|Town of Addison||No||County|
|Town of Barton||Yes||County|
|Town of West Bend||No||County|
|Town of Trenton||No||County|
|Town of Hartford||Yes||County|
|Town of Polk||No||County|
|Town of Jackson||Yes||Town|
|Town of Erin||No||County|
|Village of Richfield||No||County|
|Town of Germantown||Yes||Town|
|Village of Kewaskum||No||County|
|Village of Newburg||No||County|
|Village of Slinger||No||County|
|Village of Jackson||No||County|
|Village of Germantown||No||County|
|City of Hartford||No||County|
|City of West Bend||No||County|
Note: NR 135 allows cities, towns and villages the option to adopt a reclamation ordinance and administer a program within their jurisdiction. As a result, Washington County enforcement of the provisions of Chapter 18 is limited only to those jurisdictions where the local municipality has not adopted similar provisions. The table above lists local units of government within Washington County and the status of who administers reclamation regulations (pursuant to NR 135) in each.
West Bend, WI 53095
P: 262 335-4800